Wednesday, May 13, 2015

New Testament Lessons 31-40

New Testament- Lesson 31

Matthew Chapter 1

1. Genealogy here is of Joseph, Jesus' legal father.

2. Jesus [Hebrew-Yehoshua/Yeshua][Greek- Iesous]-Means Savior.

3. Christ [Hebrew- Masiah][Greek-Christos]-Means Anointed/Messiah

4. Jesus is called son of David because messianic promises made to David's line are fulfilled in Jesus.

5. Jesus is called son of Abraham because covenant promises made to Abraham are fulfilled in Jesus.

6. 5 women mentioned here- Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, wife of Uriah-Bathsheba, Mary

7. Matthew groups the genealogy into 3 groups of 14; he has omitted a few generations.

8. The generations from Abraham to David are 14 generations, from David until the captivity in Babylon are 14 generations, and from the captivity in Babylon until the Christ are 14 generations.

9. Birth of Jesus Christ: Mary was betrothed [engaged] to Joseph, but before they had bodily union, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit.  A one year interval was required from betrothal, before the bride could reside in her husband's house and consummate their union. During this interval, Mary was with child. This would have been thought of as a result of adultery and was punishable by death. But because Joseph was a just man, he decided to divorce Mary privately. An angel of the Lord spoke to him in a dream, telling him not to be afraid to take Mary as wife, for that which was conceived in her was of the Holy Spirit. The angel also told him that Mary would give birth to a son and he was to be named Jesus, for He would save His people from their sins. Joseph obeyed, took Mary as his wife and in due time, she bore a son and they named him Jesus.

10. Prophecy of Isaiah 7:14 fulfilled in Jesus' birth- Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a son, and they shall call His name Immanuel," which means, "God with us."


New Testament- Lesson 32

Matthew Chapter 2- Part 1

1. Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea [Hebrew- Bet Lehem- House of Bread]- 5 miles south of Jerusalem. Birthplace of King David. Now an arab town- Beit Lahm....Another Bethlehem also existed to the northwest.

2. King Herod- Herod the Great [37- 4 BC]- Edomite- 10 wives-Ruthless-killed one wife and 3 sons- built many monuments, theaters and started the rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem in 20 BC.

3. Magi- Wise men- ?Gentile priests or astrologers from Mesopotamia, Persia or Arabia. They came to Jerusalem searching for the one who was born "King of the Jews" for they had seen his star in the east. This troubled Herod for he thought that someone would usurp his authority and asked the chief priests and scribes where the Christ was to be born. They quoted Micah 5:2- Bethlehem of Judea.

4. Herod privately inquired of the wise men what time the star appeared and told them to go and search for the child and inform him of the child's whereabouts when they found him. After they left, the star guided them to the place where the child was and they rejoiced. When they came in to the house, they saw the child and Mary his mother; they fell down and worshipped him and presented to him gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh [signifying the kingly, priestly & prophetic ministries of Jesus respectively]. The wise men were warned in a dream by God not to return to Herod and they departed to their own country another way.


New Testament- Lesson 33

Matthew Chapter 2 - Part 2

5. Joseph's 2nd dream- angel advises to go to Egypt for Herod was searching for Jesus to kill him. Joseph & Mary got to Egypt travelling 100-200 miles, perhaps with a caravan. Egypt had a big Jewish population during those days, so they could remain hidden. Tradition says that the family journeyed to a place near present day Cairo; today believers can visit a church and a to the holy family there.

6....."Out of Egypt I called My Son." (Matthew 2:15)...Verse refers to Hosea 11:1 where it speaks of God calling Israel out of Egypt; here Matthew uses it in reference to Jesus.

7. Herod, when he saw that he was deceived by the wise men, was very angry; and commanded to put to death all the male children who were in Bethlehem and in it's vicinity from two years old and under.

8. A voice was heard in Ramah (the prophet Samuel's hometown, 5-6 miles north of Jerusalem); lamentation, weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, Refusing to be comforted, Because they are no more. (Matthew 2:18)...Jeremiah 31:15 quoted here by Matthew...there it refers to Israel Jews were being taken away into captivity to Babylon...Rachel was Jacob's wife & Benjamin's mother, who died outside Bethlehem....(Genesis 35:19)


New Testament- Lesson 34

Matthew Chapter 2 - Part 3

9. Joseph's 3rd dream- Angel spoke to Joseph about King Herod's death and told him to go to the land of Israel and he obeyed, but when he heard that Herod's son, Archaelus (more ruthless than his father) was ruling over Judea, he was afraid to go there.

10. Joseph's 4th dream- He was warned by God in a dream, so he went to Galilee and dwelt in a city called Nazareth......Prophecy fulfilled...."He (Jesus) shall be called a Nazarene." (Matthew 2:23)...Nazareth is just north of Armageddon; 70 miles north of Jerusalem. Jesus spent most of his first 30 years here with Joseph and Mary. His ministry base though was Capernaum. Now Nazareth is a small town with mostly Arabs.

11. After Herod's death, his kingdom was divided among 3 of his sons- Archelaus, Antipas "the tetrarch" (Matthew 14:1) and Philip (Luke 3:1). Archelaus ruled only for 10 years...4 BC to 6 AD.


New Testament- Lesson 35

Matthew Chapter 3- Part 1

1. John the Baptist- son of Zechariah & Elizabeth; cousin of Jesus. Prophesy of Isaiah fulfilled in John- The voice of one crying in the wilderness: "Prepare the way of the Lord; make straight in the desert a highway for our God (Isaiah 40:3). John wore garments made of camel's hair, with a leather belt around his waist (as Elijah of the Old Testament); his food was locusts and wild honey. Even Malachi prophesied of John- Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord. (Malachi 4:5)

2. All 4 Gospel writers mention the prophecy of Isaiah and regarding it's fulfillment in John the Baptist-Matthew 3:3, Mark 1:2, Luke 3:4, John 1:23

3. John preached repentance and the baptism by him was that of repentance. People confessed their sins and were baptized by him in water. He was harsh on the Pharisees and Sadducees who came to him for baptism; he called them, "brood of vipers" because of their hypocrisy and told them to bear fruits worthy of repentance.


New Testament- Lesson 36

Matthew Chapter 3- Part 2

4. John considered the one coming after him (Jesus) to be mightier and said that he was not worthy even to carry his shoes and that he was baptizing people with water that signified repentance; but the one coming after him would baptize them with the Holy Ghost/Holy Spirit (anointing) and with fire (anointing for greater works/suffering /judgement).

5. Gabriel (an angel of the Lord) had prophesied many things regarding John the baptist (before he was concieved in his mother's womb) to his father Zachariah of which we read in Luke 1:15-17- he would be great in the sight of the Lord; would never drink wine nor strong drink (indicating his Nazarite vow); he would be filled with the Holy Spirit from his mother's womb; he would turn the hearts of the Israelites to God; he would come in the power and spirit of Elijah to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.

6. Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to be baptized by John; John fobade him, saying it was he who needed to be baptized by Jesus, but Jesus asked John to baptize him to fulfill all righteousness. When Jesus was baptized and came out of the water, the heavens were opened and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him; and there was a  voice from heaven which said, "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."


New Testament- Lesson 37

Matthew Chapter 4- Part 1

1. The temptations that Jesus faced- Knowing that the devil/Satan/tempter would tempt Jesus, the Holy Spirit led him in to the wilderness (Judean desert) to face the temptations. Matthew 4:1-11; Mark 1:12,13; Luke 4:1-13 all mention this event with minor differences.  Matthew writes that Jesus fasted forty days and forty nights, and then He was hungry. Mark only writes that Jesus was in the wilderness tempted by Satan for 40 days; also that he was with wild beasts and angels ministered to him; no details of the temptations are given by Mark. Luke writes that Jesus was full of the Holy Spirit when he returned from the Jordan after he was water baptized by John and he was tempted by Satan for 40 days in the wilderness and he ate nothing during those days and then he was hungry; also that when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season. The Gospel writer John does not write of the temptations of Jesus by Satan.

2. Jesus answered the 3 main temptations mentioned by Matthew and Luke by telling the tempter- "It is written..." quoting verses in the book of Deuteronomy.


New Testament- Lesson 38

Matthew Chapter 4- Part 2

3. Temptations of Jesus by the devil/Satan/tempter-

a. Satan said-"If you are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread."
Jesus answered-"It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God." (Jesus quoted Deuteronomy 8:3)
b. Then the devil took him into the holy city. He set him on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to him, "If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written, 'He will give his angels charge concerning you.' and, 'On their hands they will bear you up, So that you don't dash your foot against a stone.'" (Satan quoted Psalm 91:11, 12)
Jesus said to him, "It is written, 'You shall not tempt the Lord, your God." (Jesus quoted Deuteronomy 6:16)
c. The devil took him to an exceedingly high mountain, and showed him all the kingdoms of the world, and their glory and said to him, "I will give you all of these things, if you will fall down and worship me."
Jesus replied, "Get behind me, Satan! For it is written, 'You shall worship the Lord your God, and him only shall you serve.'" (Jesus quoted Deuteronomy 6:13)


New Testament- Lesson 39

Matthew Chapter 4- Part 3

4. During the time that John the Baptist was put in prison, there was a persecution of believers; Luke 4:28, 29 speaks of an attempt to kill Jesus, so he shifted his ministry base to Capernaum which was a Roman settlement, in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali...fulfilling the prophecy of Isaiah 9:1, 2....

5. Jesus began to preach "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand." John the Baptist preached the same, but he was speaking of a kingdom that was coming; Jesus spoke of a kingdom that had arrived and possibly of a future millennial kingdom.

6. The first disciples- Simon Peter & Andrew (they were casting their nets in to the sea)-Jesus' invitation to them was "Follow me & I will make you fishers of men." Their response was immediate...They left their nets and followed Him. Their fishing partners James & John were mending their nets with their father when called by Jesus. They too immediately left their nets and their father and followed Him.


New Testament- Lesson 40

Matthew Chapter 4- Part 4

7. Jesus' Ministry In Galilee-  Matthew 4:23-25; Mark 1:39

Teaching, Preaching & Healing: Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all kinds of sickness and all kinds of disease among the people.
Caravans passing between Damascus on the north and Egypt on the south carried his fame far and wide and people with sickness and those tormented by devils were brought to him and he healed them. Great multitudes followed him.

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