Wednesday, May 13, 2015

New Testament Lessons 21-30

New Testament- Lesson 21


Author- Unknown
Written to Jewish Christians in 63-65 AD.

Theme- The author wrote this epistle to prevent his readers from abandoning their faith in Christ and going back to the Old Law. He establishes the supremacy and sufficiency of Christ and his covenant.
Hebrews is the book of "better things"....Christ superior to ancient prophets, angels, Moses, Aaron and other priests.

8 specific passages of Old Testament mentioned. 6 warnings found in this epistle.

Key Word- Supremacy and All sufficiency of Christ

Key Verses- Therefore we also, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which so easily ensnares us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God. (Hebrews 12:1, 2)


New Testament - Lesson 22


Author- James; half brother of Jesus, from Joseph & Mary; a leader of the Jerusalem Church.
James did not believe in his brother at first.  He became a disciple following the resurrection.
Tradition describes James as a man of prayer; it was said that he prayed on his knees so much that they were as hard as those on a camel.

Written to Jewish Christians in 48-50 AD.

Theme- Good deeds and faith that works.

Key Word- Faith that works.

Key Verse- But be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves. (James 1:22)


New Testament- Lesson 23

1 Peter

Author- Apostle Peter
Written to Jewish & Gentile believers in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Western Asia Minor & Bithynia in 63-64 AD. Silas was the intermediate agent in writing 1 Peter.

Theme- Instructions for holy living for those suffering persecution and proper conduct as God's holy people.

Key Word- Suffering for the cause of Christ.

Key Verses- Beloved, I beg you as sojourners and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts which war against the soul, having your conduct honorable among the Gentiles, that when they speak against you as evildoers, they may, by your good works which they observe, glorify God in the day of visitation. (1 Peter 2:11, 12)


New Testament- Lesson 24

2 Peter

Author- Apostle Peter

Written to Christians in Western Asia Minor in 67 AD.

Theme- Peter teaches how to deal with false teachers & evil doers who have come in to the Church. In his 1st letter Peter instructed believers how to deal with persecution from outside the Church.

Key Words- Guard against false teachers; beware but grow.

Key Verses- You therefore, beloved, since you know this beforehand, beware lest you also fall from your own steadfastness, being led away with the error of the wicked; but grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To Him be the glory both now and forever. Amen. (2 Peter 3:17, 18)


New Testament- Lesson 25

1 John

Author- Apostle John; He was in Ephesus [modern Turkey] during most of his later years.
Written to believers in Western Asia Minor 60-96 AD.

Theme- Assuring believers of the certainty of their faith and refuting heresies [false doctrines] that Jesus was not fully human and fully divine.

Key Word- Fellowship with God.

Key Verses-
1. By this you know the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is of God.. (1 John 4:2)
2. These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, that you may know that you have eternal life, and that you may continue to believe in the name of the Son of God. (1 John 5:13)


New Testament- Lesson 26

2 John

Author- Apostle John
Written to the "lady chosen by God", probably of a local church in Western Asia Minor in 90-95 AD.

Theme-John writes to urge discernment in accepting and supporting travelling teachers since false teachers were also traveling and teaching false doctrines.
During the first two centuries, the Gospel was taken from place to place by travelling evangelists and teachers. Believers took these missionaries in to their homes and provided for their journey when they left.

Key Word- Avoid fellowship with false teachers.

Key Verses- Whoever transgresses and does not abide in the doctrine of Christ does not have God. He who abides in the doctrine of Christ has both the Father and the Son. If anyone comes to you and does not bring this doctrine, do not receive him into your house nor greet him; (2 John 1:9, 10)


New Testament- Lesson 27

3 John

Author- Apostle John
Written to Gaius, perhaps a leader of one of the churches in Western Asia Minor in 90-95 AD.

Theme- John writes to commend Gaius for supporting travelling teachers and rebukes Diotrephes for refusing to welcome them.

Key Word- Enjoy fellowship with true believers.

Key Verse- Beloved, you do faithfully whatever you do for the brethren and for strangers, who have borne witness of your love before the church. If you send them forward on their journey in a manner worthy of God, you will do well.. (3 John 1:5, 6)


New Testament- Lesson 28


Author- Jude, half brother of Jesus; son of Joseph & Mary.
Written to Christians who are being threatened by false teachers.

Theme- Jude warns Christians of false teachers who are trying to convince them that being saved by grace gives them a license to sin.

Key Word- Contend for the faith

Key Verse- Beloved, while I was very diligent to write to you concerning our common salvation, I found it necessary to write to you exhorting you to contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints. (Jude 1:3)


New Testament- Lesson 29


Author- Apostle John
Written to the 7 Churches in Western Asia Minor [modern Turkey] in 64-68/95-96 AD.

Theme- Encouraging the faithful to stand firm amidst persecution and not to compromise, since Christ's return is imminent and he will deliver the righteous and judge the wicked.
Number 7 used 52 times in this book.

This book is interpreted in 4 ways
1. Preterists- All events in the book have taken place in the 1st century.
2. Historicists- Events in book are from Patmos to the end of history.
3. Futurists- Book speaks of the end times.
4. Idealists- Book with symbolic pictures of victory of good over evil.

Key Word- Revelation of the return of Jesus Christ.

Key Verses-
1. "Behold, I am coming quickly! Blessed is he who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book." (Revelation 22:7)
2. And behold, I am coming quickly, and My reward is with Me, to give to every one according to his work. (Revelation 22:12)
3. He who testifies to these things says, "Surely I am coming quickly." Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus! (Revelation 22:20)


New Testament- Lesson 30

New Testament Authors Other Than The Gospel Writers

1. Paul- Earlier Saul of Tarsus; later called Paul. He was a Jew by birth, belonged to the sect of the Pharisees and was a persecutor of the followers of Christ until his conversion. He became an Apostle to the Gentiles and was martyred for Christ. His wrote 13 epistles or letters to believers of different Churches and all these are included in the New Testament.

2. Peter- Was a fisherman and was called by Jesus to be his disciple with his brother Andrew. He was one of the prominent disciples and played a great role in the early church. He authored 2 epistles known by his name and was martyred for Christ. He was an Apostle to the Jews.

3. James- A half brother of Jesus; son of Joseph and Mary, who did not believe in his brother at first. He became a disciple following the resurrection and gained prominence in the church at Jerusalem. James also played an important role in the conference at Jerusalem. He was martyred for Christ.

4. Jude- A half brother of Jesus; brother of James; son of Joseph and Mary. Author of the epistle by his name.

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